In the week ending 27 April 2012 the decrease of EUR 1 million in gold and gold receivables (asset item 1) mainly reflected the sale of gold coin by one Eurosystem central bank.
The net position of the Eurosystem in foreign currency (asset items 2 and 3 minus liability items 7, 8 and 9) decreased by EUR 2.7 billion to EUR 225.1 billion on account of customer and portfolio transactions and US dollar liquidity-providing operations (see below).
|Value date||Type of transaction||Maturing amount||New amount|
|26 April 2012||7-day US dollar liquidity-providing reverse transaction||USD 0.9 billion||USD 1.1 billion|
|26 April 2012||84-day US dollar liquidity-providing reverse transaction||USD 9.4 billion||USD 5.2 billion|
The liquidity-providing transactions were conducted by the Eurosystem in connection with the temporary reciprocal currency arrangement (swap line) that the European Central Bank has with the Federal Reserve System.
The holdings by the Eurosystem of marketable securities other than those held for monetary policy purposes (asset item 7.2) decreased by EUR 1.9 billion to EUR 326.7 billion. Banknotes in circulation (liability item 1) increased by EUR 3 billion to EUR 872.7 billion. Liabilities to general government (liability item 5.1) fell by EUR 25.4 billion to EUR 129.9 billion.
The Eurosystem’s net lending to credit institutions (asset item 5 minus liability items 2.2, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5 and 4) decreased by EUR 20.9 billion to EUR 131.2 billion. On Wednesday, 25 April 2012, a main refinancing operation of EUR 51.8 billion matured and a new one of EUR 46.4 billion was settled. On the same day, fixed-term deposits in an amount of EUR 214 billion matured and new deposits in the same amount were collected. During the week a longer-term refinancing operation of EUR 19.6 billion matured and a new one of EUR 21.3 billion was settled.
Recourse to the marginal lending facility (asset item 5.5) was EUR 0.6 billion (compared with EUR 0.3 billion in the previous week), while recourse to the deposit facility (liability item 2.2) was EUR 794 billion (compared with EUR 775.6 billion in the preceding week).
The holdings by the Eurosystem of securities held for monetary policy purposes (asset item 7.1) increased by EUR 0.5 billion to EUR 281.6 billion. This increase was due to the purchases under the second covered bond purchase programme that were settled during the week. Therefore, in the week ending 27 April 2012 the value of accumulated purchases under the Securities Markets Programme amounted to EUR 214.2 billion, while those of the portfolios held under the first and second covered bond purchase programmes totalled EUR 56.8 billion and EUR 10.6 billion respectively. All three portfolios are accounted for on a held-to-maturity basis.
As a result of all transactions, the current account position of credit institutions with the Eurosystem (liability item 2.1) decreased by EUR 2.2 billion to EUR 91.3 billion.
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